Stable at John Ross Robertson’s mansion, Culloden House, on Sherbourne Street, 1888. From the Toronto Public Library’s Digital Collection.
Urban stables could be crowded, dark, and poorly ventilated. Rarely cleaned, the stables gave off a strong odour of horse urine and manure mixed with harness oil and hay. Only wealthy citizens, who had the advantage of being able to afford land, could provide their steeds with more spacious stables and the freedom to roam over pastures of any size.